英文简写

常见命令

  1. su:Swith user 切换用户,切换到root用户
  2. cat: Concatenate 串联
  3. uname: Unix name 系统名称
  4. df: Disk free 空余硬盘
  5. du: Disk usage 硬盘使用率
  6. chown: Change owner 改变所有者
  7. chgrp: Change group 改变用户组
  8. ps:Process Status 进程状态
  9. tar:Tape archive 解压文件
  10. chmod: Change mode 改变模式
  11. umount: Unmount 卸载
  12. ldd:List dynamic dependencies 列出动态相依
  13. insmod:Install module 安装模块
  14. rmmod:Remove module 删除模块
  15. lsmod:List module 列表模块
  16. alias :Create your own name for a command
  17. bash :GNU Bourne-Again Shell linux内核
  18. grep:global regular expression print
  19. httpd :Start Apache
  20. ipcalc :Calculate IP information for a host
  21. ping :Send ICMP ECHO_Request to network hosts
  22. reboot: Restart your computer
  23. sudo:Superuser do

高级命令

  1. /bin = BINaries
  2. /dev = DEVices
  3. /etc = ETCetera
  4. /lib = LIBrary
  5. /proc = PROCesses
  6. /sbin = Superuser BINaries
  7. /tmp = TeMPorary
  8. /usr = Unix Shared Resources
  9. /var = VARiable ?
  10. FIFO = First In, First Out
  11. GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader
  12. IFS = Internal Field Seperators
  13. LILO = LInux LOader
  14. MySQL = My最初作者的名字SQL = Structured Query Language
  15. PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
  16. PS = Prompt String
  17. Perl = "Pratical Extraction and Report Language" = "Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister"
  18. Python Monty Python's Flying Circus
  19. Tcl = Tool Command Language
  20. Tk = ToolKit
  21. VT = Video Terminal
  22. YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool
  23. apache = "a patchy" server
  24. apt = Advanced Packaging Tool
  25. ar = archiver
  26. as = assembler
  27. bash = Bourne Again SHell
  28. bc = Basic (Better) Calculator
  29. bg = BackGround
  30. cal = CALendar
  31. cat = CATenate
  32. cd = Change Directory
  33. chgrp = CHange GRouP
  34. chmod = CHange MODe
  35. chown = CHange OWNer
  36. chsh = CHange SHell
  37. cmp = compare
  38. cobra = Common Object Request Broker Architecture
  39. comm = common
  40. cp = CoPy
  41. cpio = CoPy In and Out
  42. cpp = C Pre Processor
  43. cups = Common Unix Printing System
  44. cvs = Current Version System
  45. daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor
  46. dc = Desk Calculator
  47. dd = Disk Dump
  48. df = Disk Free
  49. diff = DIFFerence
  50. dmesg = diagnostic message
  51. du = Disk Usage
  52. ed = editor
  53. egrep = Extended GREP
  54. elf = Extensible Linking Format
  55. elm = ELectronic Mail
  56. emacs = Editor MACroS
  57. eval = EVALuate
  58. ex = EXtended
  59. exec = EXECute
  60. fd = file descriptors
  61. fg = ForeGround
  62. fgrep = Fixed GREP
  63. fmt = format
  64. fsck = File System ChecK
  65. fstab = FileSystem TABle
  66. fvwm = F* Virtual Window Manager
  67. gawk = GNU AWK
  68. gpg = GNU Privacy Guard
  69. groff = GNU troff
  70. hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer
  71. joe = Joe's Own Editor
  72. ksh = Korn SHell
  73. lame = Lame Ain't an MP3 Encoder
  74. lex = LEXical analyser
  75. lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses
  76. ln = LiNk
  77. lpr = Line PRint
  78. ls = list
  79. lsof = LiSt Open Files
  80. m4 = Macro processor Version 4
  81. man = MANual pages
  82. mawk = Mike Brennan's AWK
  83. mc = Midnight Commander
  84. mkfs = MaKe FileSystem
  85. mknod = MaKe NODe
  86. motd = Message of The Day
  87. mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa
  88. mtab = Mount TABle
  89. mv = MoVe
  90. nano = Nano's ANOther editor
  91. nawk = New AWK
  92. nl = Number of Lines
  93. nm = names
  94. nohup = No HangUP
  95. nroff = New ROFF
  96. od = Octal Dump
  97. passwd = PASSWorD
  98. pg = pager
  99. pico = PIne's message COmposition editor
  100. pine = "Program for Internet News & Email" = "Pine is not Elm"
  101. ping = Packet InterNet Grouper
  102. pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability
  103. popd = POP Directory
  104. pr = pre
  105. printf = PRINT Formatted
  106. ps = Processes Status
  107. pty = pseudo tty
  108. pushd = PUSH Directory
  109. pwd = Print Working Directory
  110. rc = runcom = run command, shell
  111. rev = REVerse
  112. rm = ReMove
  113. rn = Read News
  114. roff = RunOFF
  115. rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat Package Manager
  116. rsh, rlogin, = Remote
  117. rxvt = ouR XVT
  118. sed = Stream EDitor
  119. seq = SEQuence
  120. shar = SHell ARchive
  121. slrn = S-Lang rn
  122. ssh = Secure SHell
  123. ssl = Secure Sockets Layer
  124. stty = Set TTY
  125. su = Substitute User
  126. svn = SubVersioN
  127. tar = Tape ARchive
  128. tcsh = TENEX C shell
  129. telnet = TEminaL over Network
  130. termcap = terminal capability
  131. terminfo = terminal information
  132. tr = traslate
  133. troff = Typesetter new ROFF
  134. tsort = Topological SORT
  135. tty = TeleTypewriter
  136. twm = Tom's Window Manager
  137. tz = TimeZone
  138. udev = Userspace DEV
  139. ulimit = User's LIMIT
  140. umask = User's MASK
  141. uniq = UNIQue
  142. vi = VIsual = Very Inconvenient
  143. vim = Vi IMproved
  144. wall = write all
  145. wc = Word Count
  146. wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator
  147. xargs = eXtended ARGuments
  148. xdm = X Display Manager
  149. xlfd = X Logical Font Description
  150. xmms = X Multimedia System
  151. xrdb = X Resources DataBase
  152. xwd = X Window Dump
  153. yacc = yet another compiler compiler

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